40 Hebrew Words for Forty Days - Day 36
The Hebrew word for ‘fig tree’ is תְּאֵנָה (te’enah). The proverbial expression ‘to sit under one’s own vine and one’s own fig tree’ denotes peace and prosperity (Mic. 4:4; Isa. 36:6).
On the other hand, the failure of fig-crop was regarded as punishment from God (Ps. 31).
The cursing of the fig tree by Jesus has to be understood in the context of his teaching against the hypocrites (ὑποκριτής – hypokritḗs).
Its Hebrew equivalent is חָנֵף (chaneph) meaning ‘the irreligious.’
Calvin states, ‘Christ intends to present in this tree an outward sign of the end which awaits hypocrites, and at the same time to expose the emptiness and folly of the ostentation (pretention).’
Source: BDB, KAHAL, TDOT
Dr. Aravind Jeyakumar Moniraj is serving as the Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Old Testament at Gurukul Lutheran Theological College and Research Institute in Chennai.
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40 Hebrew Words for Forty Days - Day 35